4,00,000 BCE

From Pre-history
to Proto-history

The dawn of civilization: first stone tools, early rock art in Bihar, farming in Chirand; discovery of copper and birth of Indus cities. The Aryans arrive. Vedic hymns are composed.
    600 BCE

    Rise of the Mahajanapadas

    Of the 16 Mahajanapadas, Magadha emerges supreme. Rajagriha becomes capital. First coins are minted. Mahavira is born. Buddha attains enlightenment. Ajatashatru’s fort Pataligrama marks the future city of Pataliputra.
      362 BCE

      Nandas: War and Peace

      The Nandas conquer Magadha and build a mighty army, attempting the earliest empire. Agriculture and irrigation advance. Greek conqueror Alexander reaches Punjab. His exhausted army refuses to advance further.
        323 BCE

        Mauryans: The First Empire

        Chandragupta Maurya overthrows the Nandas, aided by astute counsel Chanakya, writer of Arthashastra. Ashoka establishes largest empire of India. Kalinga War violence turns Asoka to Buddhism. He inscribes dhamma edicts.
          185 BCE

          Shunga: New Trends in
          visual arts and architecture

          The Shungas seize Magadha. Buddhism spreads far and wide. Stories are sculpted on railings of Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya. Buddhist art depicts Buddha through symbols as footprints and Empty Throne.

            Kushana: Cross-cultural encounters

            Kushana Empire stretches from Afghanisthan to Gangetic plain. Gandhara and Mathura become dominant art centres; Buddha is depicted in human form. Trade through Silk Route expands culture. Buddhism travels east.
              320 CE

              Gupta: Age of creativity
              and prosperity

              Chandragupta strengthens his kingdom with a Licchavi alliance. Gupta political influence spreads. Fa Hien visits India. Art, culture and learning reach unsurpassed heights with Nalanda and works of Aryabhatta and Kalidasa.
                606 CE

                Vardhana: A transitory phase

                Gauda King Sasanka rules over Magadha. After his death, King Harshavardhana gains control. He is a great patron of arts. Hieun Tsang visits Nalanda and Bodh Gaya, writing important travel accounts.
                  755 CE

                  Pala: Zenith of
                  intellectual exchange

                  Pala dynasty rule Bihar and Bengal. Vikramshila and Odantapuri universities are founded. Kurkihar becomes centre for metal art. Pala stone sculpting develops. Other Tantric forms of Buddhism develop, as Vajrayana.
                    1206 CE

                    The Sultanates: Delhi becomes the new centre of power

                    The Delhi Sultanate marks the beginning of Muslim rule in India; successive dynasties rule Bihar from Delhi and Bengal. Bhakti and Sufi movements gain momentum. In 1526, Babur establishes Mughal Empire.

                      Sher Shah Suri:
                      The Afgan interlude

                      Afghan Sher Shah Suri defeats Mughal Emperor Humayun and becomes ruler of India. His achievements include consolidation of the major route Sadak-e-Azam, today Grand Trunk Road. He issues the silver Rupiya.
                        1556 CE

                        Mughal: Consolidation
                        of Mughal Rule

                        Akbar becomes Emperor of India. Abu’l Fazl’s Ain-i-Akbari records Bihar as an important province under Mughal rule. British set up textile factory in Patna. Guru Gobind Singh is born in Patna.
                          1717 CE

                          Nawabs of Bengal and British accession to power

                          Winning the Battles of Plassey and Buxar, in1757 and 1764, the British East India Company take control of Bihar, Bengal and Orissa. Patna becomes an international trading centre. Golghar granary is built.
                            1858 CE

                            British Raj:
                            Archaeological exploration

                            British Crown takes over reign. Prinsep deciphers ancient scripts. Cunningham begins excavations at Nalanda and Bodh Gaya. Mauryan pillared hall is discovered at Kumrahar,1912. Bihar Province is created in 1936.
                              1947 CE

                              Independent India

                              Dr. Rajendra Prasad of Bihar is the first President of the Republic of India in 1950.

                                Children’s Section

                                Range of Facilities

                                The Children’s Section has spaces designed for children’s activities. The general facilities include a canteen, cloak room, first aid and rest rooms. Kid’s Retail is a gift shop, which caters to the younger generation. There are courtyards and semi-outdoor spaces. The Bal Baithak is a sit-out for children. At the Simul Aangan, children can eat their snacks under the shade of a simul tree. Workshops and sessions in which children can participate as groups from schools will be hosted in the Classrooms. Entertainment and children’s events will be tailored for younger age groups.

                                Range of Facilities

                                • Refreshments at the Children’s eatery

                                  The eatery is located in the Children’s Gallery and will serve essential snacks, light lunches, juices and beverages.

                                • Lovely souvenirs wait for you at Kid’s Retail

                                  Kid’s Retail is located in the ground floor of the Museum near the entrance to the Children’s Museum. The shop has a unique selection of gifts, games, books and toys of particular interest to children. The heritage of Bihar is celebrated through art and craft items designed as gifts and mementoes. Bihar Museum branded items like mugs and Tee-shirts in children’s sizes are also available here.

                                • We care for you at First Aid

                                  For emergency first aid and help, you can contact our First Aid centre conveniently located right near the main entrance to the Children’s Gallery. A nurse will be present to administer basic first aid and assistance.

                                • Stop at the Baggage Room

                                  All large heavy items and baggage should be deposited in the Baggage Room at the entrance for both security reasons and your convenience in visiting the galleries and spaces.

                                • Enjoy the Simul Court

                                  The Simul Court is attached to the Children’s Gallery. This is an outdoor patio where children can eat snacks or packed lunch that they have brought with them. It is called the Simul Court after the simul tree (Red Silk Cotton tree) grown in its environs.

                                • Learning together at the Classroom

                                  The Classroom is accessed from the drum shaped central space of the Children’s Section. Here, we will hold workshops, special classes on art and craft, storytelling sessions, talks on history and nature and many more interesting group activities.



                                +91 0612 2235732



                                Nehru Path (Bailey Road),
                                Patna, Bihar 800001, India

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