Bihar Museum’s History Gallery exhibits follow a chronological order as Prehistory, Protohistory, Early Bihar, the Rise of Magadha and successive dynasties. Thematic zones explore the growth of Buddhism and Jainism, the Mauryan empire and Ashoka. Other major sections are the Gupta empire, the important Mahaviharas, the Pala dynasty, the Medieval period and Mughal rule. The Visible Storage gallery has a unique terracotta collection from Bihar and other major historical sites of the Indian sub- continent. The Coin Storage is attached to this section.
Historical Art and Regional Art engage with interpretive approaches to art. Bihari Diaspora explores the contribution of Bihari people in making indelible imprints in the history and culture of lands where they settled. Battling extremely adverse conditions, the migrant population along with Bihari greats have impacted the destiny of history, culture and society of India. The Children’s Gallery is designed as a separate section.